Mathematical anxiety and the Zone of Proximal Development

  • Kyriakos Petakos
Keywords: Mathematical anxiety, Zone of Proximal Development, Sociocultural theory, Teaching mathematics


In the recent article mathematical anxiety in a group of junior students is discussed. These students have just entered tertiary education in the field of Hotel Management and have to deal with Business mathematics during their first semester. A question regarding mathematical anxiety is posed to them by the instructor. Their answers are written down and a sociocultural analysis ensues based on the renowned Vygotsky’s theory.


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How to Cite
Petakos, K. (2019). Mathematical anxiety and the Zone of Proximal Development. Experiences of Teaching With Mathematics, Sciences and Technology, 4, 601-607. Retrieved from
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